Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Adults: An Epidemiological Study in Kavaratti Island, Lakshadweep

  • Mukul Singh Department of Pathology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
  • Bhavana Bais Department of Pathology , Indira Gandhi Hospital , Kavaratti, Lakshadweep
  • Sonam Sharma Department of Pathology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
Keywords: Dyslipidemia, Epidemiology, Adults, Kavaratti, Lakshadweep


Background: Dyslipidemia is an important, modifiable chronic heart disease (CHD) risk factor. Previous studies in various parts of the world including India have reported the prevalence of dyslipidemia particularly in urban population. However, its prevalence in Lakshadweep islands has not been well documented.Methods: A cross-sectional study for the prevalence of dyslipidemia among adult population in Lakshdweep ( Kavaratti Island ) using the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) guidelines was conducted.Result: 300 subjects recruited (160 men; 140 women) averaged 51.91 and 49.41 years of age, respectively (range: 39-85). After 12 hours fasting, serum samples were collected. Total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) cholesterols were measured. The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (> 200 mg/dL), hypertriglyceridemia (>150 mg/dL), high LDL-C (> 130 mg/dL) and low HDL-C (< 40 mg/dL) was 96.428, 52.857, 15.714, 78.571, 94.285 %  respectively in women . Women had a slightly higher prevalence of hypercholesterolemia 52.857% and high LDL-C 78.571 % than men, 46.25 and 62.5% respectively while the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia was approximately 2-3 fold less in females (female 15.71% and males 38.125%). The prevalence of dyslipidemia was present in all age groups in almost similar proportion .One striking feature that is of low HDL was observed in 90 to 100 % in different tertile of age.Conclusion: The present study demonstrated a high prevalence of dyslipidemia in Lakshadweep (Kavaratti Island) adults with specifically low HDL; hence, primary lipid screening should be considered for all age groups in this area.


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