A Study to Determine the Diagnostic Accuracy of Endometrial aspiration Cytology with Histopathological Correlation at Rural Tertiary Health Care Hospital

  • Siva Kaliyamoorthy Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi Institute of Medical sciences and Research, Puducherry, India
  • Ramya Gandhi Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Kalitheerthalkuppam, Madagadipet, Puducherry, India
Keywords: Abnormal uterine bleeding, Endometrial malignancy, Endometrial aspiration cytology, Dilatation and curettage, Cyclic endometrium, Karman's cannula

Abstract

Background: Endometrial cytopathology is a powerful tool for the detection of a wide variety of benign lesions,atypias, inflammatory changes and infectious organisms. It is also helpful for the cyto-hormonal evaluation of patients and the detection of endometrial malignancies. Aim:To assess the adequacy of the aspirated endometrial sample and identify the morphological parameters with regard to making a definite diagnosis. The aim of this study is to analyse the accuracy of endometrial aspiration cytology diagnosis in comparison with histopathological correlation. Methods: Endometrial aspiration using a Karman’s cannula was done in 58 patients who presented with abnormal uterine bleeding to the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology during the period of July 2013 to Jan 2015. The cytology smears were stained with Papanicolaou stain and May- Grunwald- Gimesastain. Following aspiration Dilatation and Curettage   was done for all cases. The formalin fixed tissue samples of curettage were stained with Hematoxylin and eosin staining for obtaining the histopathological diagnosis. The statistical analysis was performed using EPI info version 3.5.3. Chi square test was used to correlate the parameters. Result: : In the present study endometrial aspiration cytology and histopathological correlation were performed on 58 cases. The patterns identified on EAC were 27 cases of benign endometrium (46.6%), 24 cases of simple hyperplasia(41.4%)  , 4 cases of endometritis(6.8%),1 atypical hyperplasia (1.7%)  and 2 cases of malignancies (3.4%). Secretory phase endometrium was the most common benign lesion amounting to 36.2% .   Conclusion: Endometrial aspiration cytology was found to be a safe outpatient procedure in the diagnosis of cyclic changes and endometrial lesions.The accuracy of identifying benign, inflammatory and malignant lesions was 98.28% to 100% making EAC an effective procedure.

Author Biographies

Siva Kaliyamoorthy, Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi Institute of Medical sciences and Research, Puducherry, India
Department of Pathology
Ramya Gandhi, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Kalitheerthalkuppam, Madagadipet, Puducherry, India
Department of Pathology

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Published
2018-11-29
Section
Original Article