Thyroid Malignancy in Long Standing Multinodular Goitre

A Case Series with Review of Literature

  • Manjiri M Makde Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Meherbano M Kamal Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Tulsi S Chhadi Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Prajakta R. Sathawane Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Keywords: Thyroid malignancy, longstanding multinodular goitre, review of literature

Abstract

Clinical presentation of patients with multinodular goitre is variable. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) has been widely accepted as an initial step in the management of thyroid nodules. However, the usefulness of FNA to assess the risk of malignancy in thyroid nodules occurring within a long standing multinodular goitre (MNG) has not been completely clarified. Moreover, an unresolved issue is whether MNG is significantly associated with malignancy. MNG had been traditionally thought to be at a low risk for malignancy as compared to a solitary thyroid nodule (STN). However, review of literature showed no statistical difference in incidence of malignancy in both MNG and solitary nodular goitre.  The incidence of malignancy in multinodular goitres has been found to vary from 7.5% to 17%. The duration of the associated goitre varies and ranges from the shortest of one month to the longest of more than 20 years. Considering this background, we are reporting a series of three cases of thyroid malignancies diagnosed on FNAC in patients having long standing goitre.

Author Biographies

Manjiri M Makde, Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Dept. of Pathology
Meherbano M Kamal, Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Dept. of Pathology
Tulsi S Chhadi, Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Dept. of Pathology
Prajakta R. Sathawane, Govt. Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Dept. of Pathology

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Published
2020-05-28
Section
Case Report