Evaluation of Blood Donor Selection and Deferrals in a Tertiary Care Hospital Blood Centre

  • Mohmadovesh Mohmadyunus Panchbhaiya Pathology Department, GMERS Medical College, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Jignasha Prashantkumar Patel Pathology Department, GMERS Medical College, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Riya Satishbhai Visavadiya Pathology Department, GMERS Medical College, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
Keywords: Blood donation, Temporary deferred, Permanent deferred, Anemia

Abstract

Background: Blood transfusion is considered an important life-saving treatment in the medical field, saving millions of lives. In blood transfusion practice, blood donor selection is the first and most important step to safeguard the health of both donors and recipients. Donors may be deferred permanently or temporarily due to various reasons during the screening procedure. This study was carried out to understand the reasons for donor deferral and deferral rates at our blood center. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at the Blood Center, GMERS Medical College and Hospital, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, for the period of January 2022 to June 2023. Relevant data on total blood donations and donor deferrals were retrieved from the donor registration form and analyzed. Results: Out of a total of 6054 blood donors, 721 (11.9%) were deferred. Amongst them, 89.74% were temporarily deferred and 10.26% were permanently deferred. The most common cause for temporary deferral was anemia (Hemoglobin < 12.5 gm%), comprising 53.47%, and the most common cause for permanent deferral was RPR positive status, comprising 40.54%. Conclusion: Donor selection is a crucial step for safe and healthy blood transfusion. Understanding the reasons for donor deferral can greatly aid in blood donor recruitment efforts, especially targeting temporarily deferred young adult donors who can be returned to the donor pool.

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Published
11-07-2024
Section
Original Article