Clinicopathological Study Of Medullary Breast Carcinoma: An Instututional Study

  • B R Vani Esic Mc & Pgimsr, Rajajinagar, Bangalore
  • Netra M Sajjan
  • Deepak B Kumar
  • Srinivasa V Murthy
Keywords: Medullary, breast carcinoma, typical, atypical, histopathology, immunohistochemistry


Background: Medullary breast carcinoma (MBC) is a rare distinct type of invasive breast carcinoma with incidence being less than 5%. It usually occurs under the age of 50 years, often mistaken clinically for fibroadenoma. They are divided into typical, and atypical MBC with a prerequisite of syncytial growth pattern in more than 75% of the tumor cells. MBCs are often hormone (ER, PR, Her2/neu) negative with grade 3 Nottingham’s criteria but have better prognosis.Methods: Retrospective  study  of invasive carcinoma of the breast was undertaken in pathology department from 2009-2016. Total number of invasive breast carcinoma were 388, of which MBC were 12 cases histologically.Clinical details, gross features were noted. HPE and IHC (ER, PR, Her2/neu) slides were reviewed.Result: Age range was 35 to 64 years, with (mean 49.08). All presented clinically as solitary lump in breast.  No side predilection. Most common site affected was upper inner quadrant consitituing around 50%(6 out of 12) of cases.  Overall tumour size ranged from 2.5 to 6 cms  with a mean of 3.6cms  in  typical and 4.25 cms in atypical  MBC. Grossly majority of the tumors were soft to firm in consistency.  Histologically 10 out of 12 cases ( 83.3%) were typical MBC and 2 cases were  atypical MBC(16.7%).IHC showed triple negativity in 75%  of  MBC with majority  in typical MBC (80 %)Conclusion: MBC is unique type of breast carcinoma with good prognosis. Histopathology plays important role in diagnosing variants of MBC since the treatment differs.DOI: 10.21276/APALM.1634 

Author Biography

B R Vani, Esic Mc & Pgimsr, Rajajinagar, Bangalore
Associate professor,Department of pathology


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