https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm/issue/feed Annals of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 2018-09-17T16:43:14+00:00 Dr. Prashant Goyal editor.apalm@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Annals of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (APALM)</strong> is an international, Double-blind peer-reviewed, indexed, open access, online and print journal&nbsp;for pathologists, microbiologist, biochemist and clinical laboratory scientists,&nbsp;with <strong>Index Copernicus (IC) Value (ICV 2016): 74.20, </strong>and <strong>DOI: 10.21276/APALM&nbsp;</strong>being&nbsp;published by&nbsp;<a title="PaGe" href="/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">'</a><strong><a title="PaGe" target="_blank"><strong>Pacific group of e-Journals</strong>' (<strong>PaGe</strong>)</a>, </strong>an&nbsp;<em>ISO 9001:2008</em> Certified&nbsp;academic publishing house.</p> <p>APALM is a specialized journal, which publishes original, peer-reviewed articles&nbsp;in the field of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine which, <em>inter alia</em>, includes Histopathology, Cytopathology, Hematology, Clinical Pathology, Forensic Pathology, Blood Banking, Clinical Bio-Chemistry, Medical Microbiology (Bacteriology, Virology, Mycology, Parasitology), etc.</p> <p>APALM was set up in 2014 and has been successfully<strong>&nbsp;indexed</strong>&nbsp;with following renowned Indexing and Abstracting<strong>&nbsp;</strong>databases:</p> <div dir="ltr" style="text-align: left;"> <table class="MsoTableGrid" style="border-collapse: collapse; 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border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-iIHsYetiu7c/VkMfJ6ISbRI/AAAAAAAAAgE/C7h_MW_XdFM/s1600/Indian%2BScience.PNG"><img src="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-iIHsYetiu7c/VkMfJ6ISbRI/AAAAAAAAAgE/C7h_MW_XdFM/s1600/Indian%2BScience.PNG" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Indian Science</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-TGLF2l70WZQ/VkMfIsQYEYI/AAAAAAAAAgU/myYso6Q61Dg/s1600/Global%2BImpact%2BFactor.png"><img src="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-TGLF2l70WZQ/VkMfIsQYEYI/AAAAAAAAAgU/myYso6Q61Dg/s1600/Global%2BImpact%2BFactor.png" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; margin-left: 18.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 12px;">Global Impact Factor</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VAQYsxP3Vg0/VkMfKROZQ4I/AAAAAAAAAg8/zmx0IVJOEEA/s1600/International%2Bimpact%2Bfactor%2BJournals.png"><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VAQYsxP3Vg0/VkMfKROZQ4I/AAAAAAAAAg8/zmx0IVJOEEA/s1600/International%2Bimpact%2Bfactor%2BJournals.png" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; margin-left: 18.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">International Impact Factor Services (IIFS)</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; margin-left: 18.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Index Scientific Journals (ISJ)</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; margin-left: 18.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Journal Index</span></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm/article/view/1945 Bacteriological Study of Wound Infections and Their Antibiogram Pattern at A Tertiary Care Hospital in Suburban Area of Hyderabad 2018-09-17T16:22:30+00:00 Upasana Bhumbla ucupasana124@gmail.com Lubna Bandey majeed86@gmail.com Safaa Muneer Ahmad drsafaahmad@mail.com Gyaneshwari . ucupasana124@gmail.com <p><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Background: </span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Wound infections can be caused through two major sources: exogenous and endogenous bacteria. The probability of wound infection largely depends on the patient’s systemic host defenses, local wound conditions and microbial burden.&nbsp;Despite&nbsp;modern surgical techniques and the use of antibiotic prophylaxis, Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is one of the most common complications encountered in surgery. SSI places a significant burden on both the patient and health system. SSI is thus a major cause of morbidity, prolonged hospital stays and increased health costs.</span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Methods:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;"> Two wound swabs were collected from the wound and from a drop of aspirate, smear was made on clean glass slide and Gram staining was done for direct microscopic examination under oil immersion 100X objective to know various morphological types of bacteria and presence or absence of inflammatory cells. Second swab/drop of aspirate was used for culture by inoculating it on routine media like Blood Agar, Nutrient Agar and MacConkey’s agar, incubated at 37° C for 24 hrs. aerobically.</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Result:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;"> Out of 108 pus samples,&nbsp;101(88.5%) were culture positive for bacterial growth and no growth was observed in 7(11.4%) cases. Out of 101 bacterial culture positive cases, 96 were nonbacterial and 5 were poly bacterial. Out of 96 bacterial isolates;&nbsp;<em><span style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">S. aureus</span></em>&nbsp;(38/36.6%) was the commonest followed by&nbsp;<em><span style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">P. aeruginosa&nbsp;</span></em>(26/24.7%)</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Conclusion:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">The study concludes that variety of aerobic bacteria is responsible for wound infection with predominance of&nbsp;<em><span style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">Staphylococcus aureus</span></em>&nbsp;followed by&nbsp;<em><span style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">Pseudomonas aeruginosa.</span></em></span></p> 2018-09-17T16:22:29+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm/article/view/2003 A Case of Clear Cell Sarcoma of Kidney in An Adult: An Extremely Rare Presentation 2018-09-17T16:31:00+00:00 Pragya Nirav Vakani drpragya23@gmail.com Mukesh Maheshwari mukeshamaheshwari@gmail.com Jainil Maheshwari jainilmaheshwari@gmail.com Anshul Agarwal dranshulagrawal@gmail.com Pragnesh Patel drpatelpragnesh@gmail.com Chandresh Shah dr.cjshah@gmail.com <p>Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney&nbsp;(CCSK) is a malignant&nbsp;renal&nbsp;tumor of childhood with a propensity to metastasize to bone and other organs. It is extremely rare in adults, must be differentiated from clear cell carcinoma of kidney which is more common in adults. We report a case of CCSK in a 45 year old female, confirmed by Immunohistochemistry (IHC) &amp; managed with radical nephrectomy. The aim of this case report is to increase the awareness about this entity in adults with brief review of relevant literature.</p> 2018-09-17T16:31:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm/article/view/2020 Infarcted Fibroadenoma: An unusual case with its Cyto-histopathological Correlation 2018-09-17T16:36:34+00:00 Nehal Ahmad hinehal25582@gmail.com Mohd. Jaseem Hassan jaseemamu@gmail.com Shaan Khetrapal Modi Khetrapalmodi@yahoo.com Sabina Khan drsabina@gmail.com Sujata Jetley sujatajeteley@yahoo.com <p>Fibroadenoma is a benign breast&nbsp;lesion of adolescents&nbsp;and young women. It constitutes 20 % of all benign&nbsp;breast tumours. Fibroadenoma is associated&nbsp;with many&nbsp;secondary changes like calcification, ossification, hyalinization, myxoid and&nbsp;apocrine squamous metaplasia. Spontaneous infarction in fibroadenoma is very rarely seen. We report&nbsp;one such&nbsp;case of spontaneous infarction&nbsp;of fibroadenoma&nbsp;in a&nbsp;16 year old&nbsp;unmarried female with its cyto-histopathological correlation, that posed&nbsp;us with&nbsp;diagnostic dilemma in&nbsp;early stage. The possibility of&nbsp;this entity&nbsp;should be&nbsp;considered while&nbsp;diagnosing the&nbsp;breast lumps on cytology<strong>.&nbsp;</strong>The esion&nbsp;was further&nbsp;confirmed on&nbsp;histology.</p> 2018-09-17T16:36:34+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm/article/view/2186 Cytological Diagnosis of an Uncommon Cause of Post-Menopausal Vaginitis 2018-09-17T16:43:14+00:00 Manjari Kishore drmanjarik@gmail.com Prajwala Gupta prajwala2000@yahoo.com Minakshi Bhardwaj minakshi.bh@gmail.com 2018-09-17T16:40:15+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##