Annals of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm <p><strong>Annals of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (APALM)</strong> is an international, Double-blind peer-reviewed, indexed, open access, online and print journal&nbsp;for pathologists, microbiologist, biochemist and clinical laboratory scientists,&nbsp;with <strong>Index Copernicus (IC) Value (ICV 2016): 74.20, </strong>and <strong>DOI: 10.21276/APALM&nbsp;</strong>being&nbsp;published by&nbsp;<a title="PaGe" href="/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">'</a><strong><a title="PaGe" target="_blank"><strong>Pacific group of e-Journals</strong>' (<strong>PaGe</strong>)</a>, </strong>an&nbsp;<em>ISO 9001:2008</em> Certified&nbsp;academic publishing house.</p> <p>APALM is a specialized journal, which publishes original, peer-reviewed articles&nbsp;in the field of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine which, <em>inter alia</em>, includes Histopathology, Cytopathology, Hematology, Clinical Pathology, Forensic Pathology, Blood Banking, Clinical Bio-Chemistry, Medical Microbiology (Bacteriology, Virology, Mycology, Parasitology), etc.</p> <p>APALM was set up in 2014 and has been successfully<strong>&nbsp;indexed</strong>&nbsp;with following renowned Indexing and Abstracting<strong>&nbsp;</strong>databases:</p> <div dir="ltr" style="text-align: left;"> <table class="MsoTableGrid" style="border-collapse: collapse; border: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-yfti-tbllook: 1184;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-gPB4qr2IT2g/VkMfJXkH1jI/AAAAAAAAAh8/cCxEboMPoB8/s1600/Index%2BCopernicus.png"><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-gPB4qr2IT2g/VkMfJXkH1jI/AAAAAAAAAh8/cCxEboMPoB8/s200/Index%2BCopernicus.png" alt="" width="200" height="45" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Index Corpenicus</span></div> </td> <td style="border-left: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-IKecVxW3RAo/VkMfHsShWtI/AAAAAAAAAh0/PsmLIPWQxRI/s1600/Advance%2BScientific%2BIndex.png"><img src="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-IKecVxW3RAo/VkMfHsShWtI/AAAAAAAAAh0/PsmLIPWQxRI/s200/Advance%2BScientific%2BIndex.png" alt="" width="200" height="43" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Advanced Science Index</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VOf9eCiMx3I/VkMfNjvFCsI/AAAAAAAAAho/AdQ9l70YxCc/s1600/researchgate.png"><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VOf9eCiMx3I/VkMfNjvFCsI/AAAAAAAAAho/AdQ9l70YxCc/s200/researchgate.png" alt="" width="200" height="56" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">ResearchGate</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-pOvXY0aq0HE/VkMfMagtS3I/AAAAAAAAAhU/Fh6QDUzhvvs/s1600/google%2Bscholar.png"><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-pOvXY0aq0HE/VkMfMagtS3I/AAAAAAAAAhU/Fh6QDUzhvvs/s200/google%2Bscholar.png" alt="" width="200" height="76" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Google Scholar</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-emQEncf_yxQ/VkMfKCYIHPI/AAAAAAAAAgM/KT7AwjkPNy0/s1600/Innospace.jpg"><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-emQEncf_yxQ/VkMfKCYIHPI/AAAAAAAAAgM/KT7AwjkPNy0/s1600/Innospace.jpg" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">InnoSpace - SJIF Scientific Journal Impact Factor</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-SjzzLcngG1Q/VkMfH0vDWPI/AAAAAAAAAfM/hp8CDsH9wo8/s1600/DRJI.png"><img src="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-SjzzLcngG1Q/VkMfH0vDWPI/AAAAAAAAAfM/hp8CDsH9wo8/s1600/DRJI.png" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-TThU_83HHhE/VkMfJpTSCJI/AAAAAAAAAgo/p25-fBpwlLQ/s1600/Indian%2BCitation%2BIndex.jpg"><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-TThU_83HHhE/VkMfJpTSCJI/AAAAAAAAAgo/p25-fBpwlLQ/s1600/Indian%2BCitation%2BIndex.jpg" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Indian Citation Index</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-YYcvrLzKf6o/VkMfL9aaqlI/AAAAAAAAAh4/ugFIRJDdHOQ/s1600/cite%2Bfactor.png"><img src="https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-YYcvrLzKf6o/VkMfL9aaqlI/AAAAAAAAAh4/ugFIRJDdHOQ/s200/cite%2Bfactor.png" alt="" width="200" height="58" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Cite Factor</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-MXDERl1L_-0/VkMfMysPFmI/AAAAAAAAAhk/isPDxMRmTL0/s1600/open%2Bacademic%2Bjournal%2Bindex.jpg"><img src="https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-MXDERl1L_-0/VkMfMysPFmI/AAAAAAAAAhk/isPDxMRmTL0/s200/open%2Bacademic%2Bjournal%2Bindex.jpg" alt="" width="200" height="58" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Open Academic Journals Index (OAJI)</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-nNJnD7awrYw/VkMfN7wFwsI/AAAAAAAAAhs/0f2IThKwUJQ/s1600/scholarsteer.png"><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-nNJnD7awrYw/VkMfN7wFwsI/AAAAAAAAAhs/0f2IThKwUJQ/s1600/scholarsteer.png" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Scholarsteer</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-GrEjqEHQumk/VkMfIQpEhmI/AAAAAAAAAfk/kVYVKCx89o8/s1600/Directory%2Bof%2BIndexing%2Band%2BImoact%2BFactor.jpg"><img src="https://4.bp.blogspot.com/-GrEjqEHQumk/VkMfIQpEhmI/AAAAAAAAAfk/kVYVKCx89o8/s1600/Directory%2Bof%2BIndexing%2Band%2BImoact%2BFactor.jpg" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Directory of Indexing and Impact Factor (DIIF)</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-c5N9YSfkT2o/VkMfNZkvarI/AAAAAAAAAhw/oS84tX2QI0A/s1600/research%2Bbible.png"><img src="https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-c5N9YSfkT2o/VkMfNZkvarI/AAAAAAAAAhw/oS84tX2QI0A/s1600/research%2Bbible.png" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Research Bible</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JkaP7TZlyMY/VkMfLixUHWI/AAAAAAAAAhE/DM72Gg1NZ18/s1600/SherpaRomeo.jpg"><img src="https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JkaP7TZlyMY/VkMfLixUHWI/AAAAAAAAAhE/DM72Gg1NZ18/s1600/SherpaRomeo.jpg" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Sherpa Romeo</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-4gNghKiu_Xc/VkMfLQ97WZI/AAAAAAAAAg0/KWBMZdnCIHc/s1600/SIS-Logo.png"><img src="https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-4gNghKiu_Xc/VkMfLQ97WZI/AAAAAAAAAg0/KWBMZdnCIHc/s1600/SIS-Logo.png" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Scientific indexing services (SIS)</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-4OiNHXG_o7I/VkMfHpZuGOI/AAAAAAAAAfU/CBlJUFRiFmI/s1600/Cosmos.png"><img src="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-4OiNHXG_o7I/VkMfHpZuGOI/AAAAAAAAAfU/CBlJUFRiFmI/s1600/Cosmos.png" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Cosmos Foundation</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-z8_uJreNcus/VkMfKl2eB8I/AAAAAAAAAgc/Nerowd-oOxg/s1600/JIF.PNG"><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-z8_uJreNcus/VkMfKl2eB8I/AAAAAAAAAgc/Nerowd-oOxg/s1600/JIF.PNG" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 12px;">Journals Impact Factor (JIFACTOR)</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://4.bp.blogspot.com/--zxwQexI6fM/VkMfI65kpPI/AAAAAAAAAf4/jV-qddbtpOM/s1600/IIFR.png"><img src="https://4.bp.blogspot.com/--zxwQexI6fM/VkMfI65kpPI/AAAAAAAAAf4/jV-qddbtpOM/s200/IIFR.png" alt="" width="200" height="60" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">International Institute For Research</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-iIHsYetiu7c/VkMfJ6ISbRI/AAAAAAAAAgE/C7h_MW_XdFM/s1600/Indian%2BScience.PNG"><img src="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-iIHsYetiu7c/VkMfJ6ISbRI/AAAAAAAAAgE/C7h_MW_XdFM/s1600/Indian%2BScience.PNG" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Indian Science</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-TGLF2l70WZQ/VkMfIsQYEYI/AAAAAAAAAgU/myYso6Q61Dg/s1600/Global%2BImpact%2BFactor.png"><img src="https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-TGLF2l70WZQ/VkMfIsQYEYI/AAAAAAAAAgU/myYso6Q61Dg/s1600/Global%2BImpact%2BFactor.png" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; margin-left: 18.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 12px;">Global Impact Factor</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="separator" style="clear: both; text-align: center;"><a style="margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 1em;" href="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VAQYsxP3Vg0/VkMfKROZQ4I/AAAAAAAAAg8/zmx0IVJOEEA/s1600/International%2Bimpact%2Bfactor%2BJournals.png"><img src="https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-VAQYsxP3Vg0/VkMfKROZQ4I/AAAAAAAAAg8/zmx0IVJOEEA/s1600/International%2Bimpact%2Bfactor%2BJournals.png" alt="" border="0"></a></div> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; margin-left: 18.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">International Impact Factor Services (IIFS)</span></div> </td> </tr> <tr> <td style="border-top: none; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; margin-left: 18.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Index Scientific Journals (ISJ)</span></div> </td> <td style="border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;"> <div class="MsoNormal" style="background: #FBFBF3; line-height: 15.0pt; margin-left: 18.0pt; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; text-align: center;" align="center"><span style="color: #111111; font-family: 'arial' , sans-serif; font-size: 9.0pt;">Journal Index</span></div> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </div> Pacific Group of e-Journals (PaGe) en-US Annals of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 2394-6466 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;The Effect of Open Access at http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html).</li> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> Bacteriological Study of Wound Infections and Their Antibiogram Pattern at A Tertiary Care Hospital in Suburban Area of Hyderabad https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm/article/view/1945 <p><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Background: </span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Wound infections can be caused through two major sources: exogenous and endogenous bacteria. The probability of wound infection largely depends on the patient’s systemic host defenses, local wound conditions and microbial burden.&nbsp;Despite&nbsp;modern surgical techniques and the use of antibiotic prophylaxis, Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is one of the most common complications encountered in surgery. SSI places a significant burden on both the patient and health system. SSI is thus a major cause of morbidity, prolonged hospital stays and increased health costs.</span></p> <p><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Methods:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;"> Two wound swabs were collected from the wound and from a drop of aspirate, smear was made on clean glass slide and Gram staining was done for direct microscopic examination under oil immersion 100X objective to know various morphological types of bacteria and presence or absence of inflammatory cells. Second swab/drop of aspirate was used for culture by inoculating it on routine media like Blood Agar, Nutrient Agar and MacConkey’s agar, incubated at 37° C for 24 hrs. aerobically.</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Result:</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;"> Out of 108 pus samples,&nbsp;101(88.5%) were culture positive for bacterial growth and no growth was observed in 7(11.4%) cases. Out of 101 bacterial culture positive cases, 96 were nonbacterial and 5 were poly bacterial. Out of 96 bacterial isolates;&nbsp;<em><span style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">S. aureus</span></em>&nbsp;(38/36.6%) was the commonest followed by&nbsp;<em><span style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">P. aeruginosa&nbsp;</span></em>(26/24.7%)</span></p> <p><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">Conclusion:&nbsp;</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; color: red;">The study concludes that variety of aerobic bacteria is responsible for wound infection with predominance of&nbsp;<em><span style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">Staphylococcus aureus</span></em>&nbsp;followed by&nbsp;<em><span style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">Pseudomonas aeruginosa.</span></em></span></p> Upasana Bhumbla Lubna Bandey Safaa Muneer Ahmad Gyaneshwari . ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-09-17 2018-09-17 5 9 A748 753 10.21276/apalm.1945 A Case of Clear Cell Sarcoma of Kidney in An Adult: An Extremely Rare Presentation https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm/article/view/2003 <p>Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney&nbsp;(CCSK) is a malignant&nbsp;renal&nbsp;tumor of childhood with a propensity to metastasize to bone and other organs. It is extremely rare in adults, must be differentiated from clear cell carcinoma of kidney which is more common in adults. We report a case of CCSK in a 45 year old female, confirmed by Immunohistochemistry (IHC) &amp; managed with radical nephrectomy. The aim of this case report is to increase the awareness about this entity in adults with brief review of relevant literature.</p> Pragya Nirav Vakani Mukesh Maheshwari Jainil Maheshwari Anshul Agarwal Pragnesh Patel Chandresh Shah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-09-17 2018-09-17 5 9 C131 133 10.21276/apalm.2003 Infarcted Fibroadenoma: An unusual case with its Cyto-histopathological Correlation https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm/article/view/2020 <p>Fibroadenoma is a benign breast&nbsp;lesion of adolescents&nbsp;and young women. It constitutes 20 % of all benign&nbsp;breast tumours. Fibroadenoma is associated&nbsp;with many&nbsp;secondary changes like calcification, ossification, hyalinization, myxoid and&nbsp;apocrine squamous metaplasia. Spontaneous infarction in fibroadenoma is very rarely seen. We report&nbsp;one such&nbsp;case of spontaneous infarction&nbsp;of fibroadenoma&nbsp;in a&nbsp;16 year old&nbsp;unmarried female with its cyto-histopathological correlation, that posed&nbsp;us with&nbsp;diagnostic dilemma in&nbsp;early stage. The possibility of&nbsp;this entity&nbsp;should be&nbsp;considered while&nbsp;diagnosing the&nbsp;breast lumps on cytology<strong>.&nbsp;</strong>The esion&nbsp;was further&nbsp;confirmed on&nbsp;histology.</p> Nehal Ahmad Mohd. Jaseem Hassan Shaan Khetrapal Modi Sabina Khan Sujata Jetley ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-09-17 2018-09-17 5 9 A134 136 10.21276/apalm.2020 Cytological Diagnosis of an Uncommon Cause of Post-Menopausal Vaginitis https://www.pacificejournals.com/journal/index.php/apalm/article/view/2186 Manjari Kishore Prajwala Gupta Minakshi Bhardwaj ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2018-09-17 2018-09-17 5 9 L6 7 10.21276/apalm.2186