Effect of Body Mass Index (BMI) on Concentrations of Serum Lipid Profile and Electrolytes in Students of Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
AbstractIntroduction: Body Mass Index (BMI) is a nutritional index used to measure the level of obesity in individuals and other weight associated abnormalities. This study was intended to investigate the effect of the various BMI classifications on total cholesterol (TCHOL), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), potassium, sodium and chloride. Material and Methods: A total of 100 samples were collected, 25 from each BMI classification of normal, underweight, overweight and obese individuals. Five millimetres of whole blood samples were collected into plain and EDTA anticoagulant bottles respectively after an overnight fast by venepuncture. The studied biochemical parameters were determined using WHO-approved methods and data obtained were analysed using the student t-test obtained from SPSS version 23. Result: The result showed that BMI normal TCHOL(1.67±0.22) significantly decreased (P<0.05) when compared with the BMI obese (2.33±0.52). In a similar vein, plasma TG of the normal BMI (0.54±0.32) significantly decreased (P<0.05) when compared with the BMI obese TG (1.10±0.38). Other statistical comparisons revealed a non-significant difference. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study has shown that an increasing BMI is associated with higher cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations.
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