Author Guidelines

Annals of Woman and Child Health (AWCH) accepts only electronic submission of manuscripts. Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.  

AWCH follows the Authorship Criteria as set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( as part of their Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals


  1. Original Articles: Article should not exceed 2500 words, have no more than 30 referencesand up to four tables or figures and should be arranged under the usual headings of Title page,  Abstract (less than 250 words), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, References, Tables and Figures. The research discussed in Original Articles must receive institutional review board approval and this approval must be stated in the Materials and Methods section.
  2. Review articles: Review articles, solicited and unsolicited, are actively encouraged and should be composed of systematic, critical assessments of literature and data sources. It is organized as Title page, Abstract, Introduction, body text, Conclusion, Acknowledgments, References, Tables and Figures. Length is limited to 250 words of unstructured abstracts, 3500 words of body text, and 75 references.
  3. Editorials: Editorials are usually by invitation of the Editor or the members of editorial board but may also include the unsolicited analysis of new trends in the sciences or the author’s perspective on articles recently published in AWCH or in another journal. Editorial should be limited to 1500 words or fewer and to no more than 20 references. An abstract is not required.
  4. Case Report: Report of a single case or a small series (up to 6 cases) with unique content and exceptional clarity. The case report should be organized in the order of Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Case report, Discussion, References, Tables and Figures. Article should be upto 1500 words, have no more than 20 references, have a short unstructured abstract (150-200 words), and have no more than two tables or figures.
  5. Letters to the Editor: Letters should be limited to 500 words or fewer and to no more than 5 pertinent references. An abstract is not required.
  6. Students' corner and residents' corner: Short narrative of a real life experience in scientific field during student life or residency with a clear informative, educative, or enlightening message. Words limit is up to 500 words.
  7. Book Review: The journal seeks reviews that assess a book’s strengths and weaknesses. A review should not simply be a listing of contents, though its overall organization and emphasis are up to the individual reviewer. Reviewers should avoid lists of minor imperfections (e.g., misplaced commas) but should not hesitate to draw attention to serious editorial problems and errors of fact or interpretation. It is also helpful if reviewers indicate for which audiences and libraries the book seems appropriate. Each review should be preceded by a heading listing the book to be reviewed, number of pages and figures, publisher, year of publication, price (if available), and ISBN. Book reviews should have a target word count of 800-1000 words.


Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript.

The submitting author (Corresponding Author) takes responsibility for the article during submission and peer review. It is also the author’s responsibility to ensure that article emanatory from a particular institution and is submitted with approval of necessary institution. Prior to submitting a manuscript, submitting authors should collect electronic files for the manuscript file (including title page and figures), and cover letter.


Manuscripts must be submitted in single Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) file format. Articles should be typed in 12 pt (Times New Roman), and pages must be numbered.  Define abbreviations at first mention in the text and in each table and figure. When using acronyms, make certain the full name is spelled out on first use. In any case, the authors are responsible for the published material.

The constituents of a manuscript file should be presented in the following order:

  1. Cover letter
  2. Title page
  3. Abstract
  4. Key words
  5. Main text
  6. Acknowledgment
  7. Declarations
  8. References
  9. Tables
  10. Figure with Figure Legends
  11. Statement of Informed Consent
  12. Statement of Human and Animal Rights

1. Cover Letter:

All manuscripts must be accompanied by a cover letter. No manuscript will accept without cover letter.

2. Title page:

The title page should have the information in the following format: 

  • Type of article: (Original article, review article, etc.)
  • Title of article: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. 
  • Author names and affiliations: The title page should include the names, and email addresses of author(s) with full affiliation addresses. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name.
  • Corresponding author: Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address.

3. Abstract:

Abstract must be typed on a separate page following the title page. Do not cite references in the abstract. Abstract for Original articles should be structured in four sections: background, methods, result and discussion/conclusion. Abstract for review article or case report may be structured or unstructured. Abstract for editorial, letter to editor is not required.

4. Key Words

The authors should list 4 to 6 key words or phrases.

5. Main text

AWCH can only accept manuscripts written in English. Spelling should be US English or British English, but not a mixture. Subheadings or subdivisions of the main headings may be used for clarification in larger and more detailed articles, but should be limited to key aspects.

6. Acknowledgment:

It should include persons who provided technical help, writing assistance and departmental head that only provided general support.

7. Declarations:

This information must also be inserted into your manuscript under the acknowledgements section with the headings below. If you have no declaration to make please insert the following statements into your manuscript: 
       Funding: None

       Competing interests: None declared

8. References:

The author(s) are responsible for the accuracy of the references. Each reference should be numbered and listed according to their order in the text (do not alphabetize). They should be referred to Arabic numerals in square bracket after the punctuation marks. References should be arranged according to the "Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals" rules developed by "International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)". Some examples have been provided for frequently used reference types. The site should be used for guidance on other types of references not provided here. Sample references are given below:

     Article in journal:Author(s) name (more than 6 names use et al). Title of article. Abbreviation of title of journal Year; Volume: Page. 

     Example: Goyal P, Sehgal S, Agarwal R, et al. Ossifying fibromyxoid tumor - Diagnostic challenge for a cytopathologist. Cytojournal. 2012;9:17.

     In press article:Author(s) name (more than 6 names use et al). Title of article. Abbreviation of title of journal, in press.

     Example: Kumar A, Goyal P, Seghal S, et al. Giant immature teratoma of ovary with gliomatosis peritonei in 15 year-old girl: a case report and literature review. J Gynecol Surg. in press.

     Chapter of book: Author(s) name. Chapter. In: Editor(s) name. Book. Edition. Place: Publisher; Year: Page.

     Example: Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. 93-113.

     Book: Author(s) name. Book. Edition. Place: Publisher; Year. 

     Example: Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

9. Tables:

Each table must be typed single-spaced on a separate page following the references. Smaller spacing and font may be used within tables. Tables should be kept to a necessary minimum, and their information should not duplicated in the text. Each table should be numbered and cited in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Each table must include appropriate headings and Footnotes. Abbreviations/acronyms used in a table must be defined in a footnote below the table. Units of measurement must be clearly indicated.

10. Figure with Figure Legends

All figures (illustrations, images, or photographs) should be numbered sequentially in the text with Arabic numbers (i.e., Fig 2, Figs 2, 4–6) and should be referred to in parentheses within the text. During submission of an article, authors should include all figures in the main body of the manuscript in word file format. Figures should not be submitted in separate files. Writing any text on the figures should be avoided as much as possible. A short detailed legend should be provided for each figure.  

11. Statement of Informed Consent

Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should identify Individuals who provide writing assistance and disclose the funding source for this assistance.

Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve, however, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note.

12. Statement of Human and Animal Rights

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5). If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should be asked to indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

Authors should strictly use the templates downloaded from the following links only to maintain the standardized manuscript format


  1. Original Article
  2. Review Article
  3. Case Report
  4. Letter to Editor
  5. Image