Clinicopathological Study of Epithelial Lacrimal Gland Tumors at Tertiary Eye Hospital

  • Shaileshbhai Bhupatbhai Tadha Pathology Department, B.J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Haripura, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
  • Viral Bhanvadia Pathology Department, B.J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Haripura, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
  • Hansa Goswami Pathology Department, B.J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Haripura, Asarwa, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
Keywords: Lacrimal gland tumors, Orbit, Pleomorphic adenoma, Adenoid cystic carcinoma


Background Lacrimal gland tumors are rare, constituting approximately 9% of all orbital lesions. Primary epithelial lacrimal gland tumors are histologically similar to those arising in the salivary glands. Pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma are the most common benign and malignant tumors, respectively. Material and Methods A retrospective study of 39 cases of lacrimal gland tumors over a period of 7 years was conducted. A detailed history of patients was taken with special attention to age, sex, macroscopic (gross examination), and microscopic features of the tissue. Microscopic examination was done using the standard H & E staining procedure. Results A total of 39 cases of lacrimal gland tumors were studied. Among them, there were 19 cases of pleomorphic adenoma, the most common benign tumor of the lacrimal gland, and 17 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, the most common malignant tumor. Conclusion The incidence of benign lesions was slightly lower than that of malignant tumors in this study. Benign tumors occurred in a younger age group compared to western studies. Among malignant tumors, adenoid cystic carcinomas were the most common.


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Original Article