The Histomorphological Spectrum of Renal Lesions in an Autopsy Study

  • Vaneet Kaur Sandhu Assistant Professor ,Department of Pathology ,Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital Faridkot, Punjab
  • Arun Puri Professor, Department of Pathology, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab 151203
  • Navtej Singh Professor and Head, Department of Pathology, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital Faridkot,Punjab
Keywords: Autopsy, Renal lesions, Histopathology, Acute tubular necrosis


Background: Autopsy provides normal as well as diseased human tissue for morphologic studies, for establishment of cell and organ culture as well for xenotransplantation. It provides the opportunity to discover new diseases, to evaluate toxic effects of drugs and therapies. The kidneys are often affected by chronic inflammatory lesions, neoplasms , toxic effects of various drugs and metabolic disorders.Methods: This was a five year study from January 2011 to December 2015 in our department of pathology. The kidneys of medico legal autopsies performed during these years were subjected to our study. After excluding 30 cases of severely damaged tissue, 120 cases of well preserved renal medico legal autopsies were included in our study. The stained microscopic sections were examined by two histopathologists independently.Results: Seventy five of the 120 autopsies were males, while 45 were females. In 27 (22.5%) cases, the microscopic morphology was close to normal histology. Remaining 93(77.5%) cases had a nephropathological findings The percentage of non glomerular nephropathies (60.8%) was higher as compared to that of glomerular lesions (16%). 20 (16% ) cases exhibited glomerular alterations such focal global glomerular sclerosis, segmental glomerular sclerosis, nodular  mesangial sclerosis, basement thickening and mesangial cellular proliferation. Tubular and interestium lesions were observed in 34.16% which included acute tubular necrosis, chronic pyelonephritis and tubercular pyelonephritis. Renal arteriosclerosis was observed in 25% cases. Renal cell carcinoma was incidentally detected in1.6%Conclusion:Our study provided satisfactory data in respect to morphological spectrum of various renal lesions in autopsy. DOI: 10.21276/APALM.1455

Author Biographies

Vaneet Kaur Sandhu, Assistant Professor ,Department of Pathology ,Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital Faridkot, Punjab
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology
Arun Puri, Professor, Department of Pathology, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab 151203
Professor ,Department of Pathology
Navtej Singh, Professor and Head, Department of Pathology, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital Faridkot,Punjab
Professor and Head , Department of Pathology


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Original Article