Cytology: a diagnostic modality in cryptococcal lymphadenitis

  • Pooja Srivastava VMMC and Safdarjung hospital New delhi
  • Kusum Gupta
  • Rashmi Arora
Keywords: Cryptococcus, Cytology, Lymphadenitis, Fungus,


Cryptococcosis is a common, life-threatening, opportunistic, fungal disease in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals. A prompt diagnosis is of utmost importance because disseminated cryptococcal infection is life-threatening. Different organs can be involved, but involvement of lymph node is a rare feature. We here present a case of cryptococcal lymphadenitis diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology.

Author Biography

Pooja Srivastava, VMMC and Safdarjung hospital New delhi
Senior residentPathology


1. Sainath AK, Ahuja M, Shaik I. Cryptococcal Lymphadenitis on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology. People’s Journal of Scientific Research 2012;5:33-5.

2. Bhuyan P, Pattnaik K, Kar A, Brahma RC, Mahapatra S. Cryptococcal lymphadenitis in HIV: a chance diagnosis by FNAC. Diagn Cytopathol 2013;41:456-8.

3. Suchita S, Sheeladevi CS, Sunila R, Manjunath GV. Fine needle aspiration diagnosis of cryptococcal lymphadenitis; A window of opportunities. Journal of Cytology 2008;25:147-9.

4. Philip KJ, Kaur R, Sangeetha M, Masih K, Singh N, Mani A. Disseminated cryptococcosis presenting with generalized lymphadenopathy. J Cytol 2012;29: 200-2.

5. Tahir M, Sharma SK, Sinha S, Das CJ. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in a patient with cryptococcal lymphadenitis as the first manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Postgrad Med 2007;53:250-2.

6. Anvikar AR, Gosavi AV, Kulkarni MP, Lanjewar DN. Cytodiagnosis of coexistent cryptococcal and mycobacterial lymphadenitis in a case of AIDS. J Cytol 2011; 28:25–7.
Case Report